Nail fungus, also known as tinea unguium or onychomycosis, is an infection caused by a fungus. For diseases of the nails or infection, nail fungus is the most popular type. Nail fungus can infect fingernails and toenails; however, toenails are the most popular. Because they are most often found in dark, damp environments, providing an excellent environment for the fungus to grow. There are four types of nail fungus that will be explained in the following article.
Distal Subungual Onychomycosis
Most popular toenail fungus will start at the tip of the toenail and move towards the cuticle as it progresses. Distal means “distance”; We defined subungual as “under the nail”; and onychomycosis is just the scientific name for toenail fungus. Distal subungual onychomycosis involves the nail plate. And caused by a fungus adapted to live on the skin, hair, and nails.WATCH VIDEO HERE
People with this nail fungus may experience inflammation that causes the nails to thicken from the nail bed and/or nails. With no treatment of the nails. This can lead to the growth of infectious bacteria and fungi that can turn the nails yellow or brown.
White Superficial Onychomycosis (WSO)
This is the second most prevalent type of fungus, and it also affects fingernails and toenails. Unlike other types of nail fungus. WSO will start at the top layer of the nail and affect the entire nail. 1% to 2% of the population have WSO. And it is more common among people of Italian descent over the age of 65. Research has also shown that 30% of HIV-infected people affected by nail fungus. And WSO patients often cannot be treated with topical treatments.
Diseases of the nails
For others with WSO, it sometimes happens because the fungus grows inside the nail. And the cream doesn’t penetrate the nail. Before being diagnosed with WSO, the diseases of the nails often affects people for several years, noticing nothing. Some symptoms associated with WSO are dull, brittle, and deformed nails; however, white spots on the nails are first seen by people.
Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis
This is the least prevalent type of nail fungus in healthy people, but is more prevalent in immunocompromised people; Those who suffer from things that lower the immune system. Such as HIV and autoimmune diseases of the nails, or use people who inject drugs. It does not affect many times when someone has this type of fungus and their immune system in any way; they will test the patient for HIV. However, it’s important to remember that having this type of nail fungus doesn’t mean someone has HIV.
The fungus starts at the cuticle and, as it grows. It extends all the way to the tip of the nail. People may also notice yellow or white patches near the cuticle, as well as bumps as the nail grows. The skin around the nail becomes red, inflamed, and swollen. Sometimes pus also appears, leading doctors to misdiagnose the fungus as a bacterial infection and prescribe antibiotics. But antibiotics do not cure the fungus. Unlike other types of nail fungus, proximal subungual onychomycosis should be treated with pills than topical creams.
The last type of nail fungus affects the nails rather than the toenails. This diseases of the nails affects the area around the nail and is the least popular type of nail fungus. Most people infected with this nail fungus are people who put their hands in water. In most cases, this requires that the person has had a previous infection or nail trauma. This kind of nail fungus most often ministered with topical ointments.